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The Polygolot Language:The
Turkish Alphabet was changed from Ottoman script to a Latin based
script soon after the Turkish Republic was declared. Ottoman script was
based on the Arabic alphabetic script but this did not adequately cover
the phonetics of Turkish.
Kemal Atatürk introduced the new Latin alphabet almost overnight.
The Turkish Alphabet consists of twenty-one consonants and eight vowels.
alphabet is phonetic as each letter retains its individual
pronunciation at all times. There are no diphthongs - except in a few
foreign loan words, and no letters "W", "X" or "Q"
does not as a rule allow two vowels to occur together - there are
exceptions of course - but mostly in foreign imported words. Therefore
as there are no diphthongs then whenever two vowels occur together, they
are each pronounced as a separate sound. ...
The letter -Y- is considered as a consonant in Turkish, and it is widely used as a buffer consonant to keep vowels apart during word building.
actual Law No:1353 dated 1st November 1928 which changed the Turkish
Alphabet to Roman letters. It became a movement to purify the Turkish
language. Despite the fact that only thirty-five to forty percent of
Turkish terms were useful in formal language before 1932, this figure is
seventy-five to eighty percent today. Those numbers show that attempts
to reform and rescue the Turkish language were successful.